[리서치페이퍼=Anne Taylors 기자] A study done in the Susquehana River Valley in Pennsylvania shows that approximately one in every three ticks in the area carry the bacteria responsible for Lyme disease.The study was carried out in areas where there is heavy foot traffic: trails, parks and even back yards.Professor of anthropology at Binghamton University Ralph Garruto heads the ongoing study, which looks specifically at ticks in places he says "people don't often realize they're at risk."
According to the United States' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 300,000 people will become infected with Lyme disease each year, but only 30,000 of those cases will be reported.Ticks are most likely to infect their hosts with the disease during the nymphal life stage in the late spring and early summer.
"The Susquehanna River Basin area that we have been collecting ticks from has the second highest infectivity of ticks per density of ticks in the entire United States," says student researcher Rani Schoenhaus. "The infectivity rates of ticks with Lyme disease is actually the same as in the Hudson Valley, which has the highest infectivity rates in the U.S.They just have more reported cases."
Schoenhaus stressed the importance of this research, saying it was important for public health outreach. "Awareness can prevent diseases.I think people would be surprised by the density of ticks in this area first off, but the amount of ticks infected with Lyme disease is even more surprising."
Source: //commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:OSC_Microbio_12_02_LymeRash.jpg Author: CNX OpenStax[리서치페이퍼=Anne Taylors 기자]